Caring for Chicks Aged 0 to 1 Month

Caring for Chicks

Any farmer who breeds chickens knows that the foundations of their health, like all living organisms, are laid from the moment of birth.

“Egg-chicken-chicken” is a logical path that any healthy poultry goes through in its development, and it is important for a person to especially carefully monitor the development of a chicken in the first months after its birth.

Chickens: care and feeding

Caring for chickens at home requires a person to understand all the processes that occur with a living organism after birth. Chicks that the farmer must care for and raise are particularly demanding on the environment in the first ten days after birth. They need to be allocated a warm, dry and clean room, in which there is always fresh air, but there are no drafts.

You can place no more than 25 chickens on one square meter, so that the babies have free space. For the first five days, chickens should be kept on a floor covered with paper with feed and cereals. So they can eat without harm to health. It is worth remembering that chickens, chickens, which must be carefully cared for, cannot live on a cold floor, otherwise there is a chance of catching a cold. At an early age, the body of chickens is not yet able to cope with infections on its own, and therefore the chick can simply die from any disease. Caring for chicks from the first days should be maximum, and this will have to spend your own time. In the first ten days, babies are fed every two hours with finely chopped boiled eggs, cottage cheese with semolina or corn grits. One egg or 50 g of cottage cheese and 50 g of cereals will be enough for 10 chickens. In order to ensure that babies have all the necessary trace elements, broiler nursing chicks begin to feed on compound feed from the moment of birth.

Day-old chicks: care, feeding

Caring for chickens from 0 days should consist in the right conditions and a well-chosen diet. It will not be superfluous to give chickens lightly ground rolled oats flakes or mixed feed with milk powder and a multivitamin tablet. In this case, after each feeding, you need to carefully examine the chicks’ goiter to make sure that everyone is full. Caring for chickens in the early days should also include feeding finely chopped greens, which can be given from three days of age. A week after birth, chickens can already be given mash with curdled milk or broth.

Also, caring for chickens consists in feeding potatoes, grated carrots, pumpkin and other vegetables that adults can also eat. It is worth remembering that if the chickens have not eaten the wet mash, then you should not leave it until the next feeding, otherwise the babies may be poisoned. Therefore, chicken feed should always be fresh, as well as drinking water. As a disinfectant, once every two weeks, you can give babies a weak solution of potassium permanganate, but you should not do this immediately after their birth. Day-old chick care should be about providing feed. Immediately after the chicks pop out from under the hen, they start looking for food. Some farmers are sure that babies need to be fed only on the second day, but from the very beginning it is better to scatter small grains or chopped eggs. Then the chickens eat up more quickly, and the residual yolk is more likely to be absorbed in them, which ensures the qualitative development of the body. It is important to provide chickens with a living temperature – it should be at least +30 degrees in the first five days, and +28 degrees from the sixth day. Every week it is worth lowering the temperature by three degrees, so that in a month it will be no more than +18 degrees. Babies can be taken out on the street from the age of three, if it is warm outside, but you need to gradually get used to walking. The chicks’ water needs to be changed several times a day and the babies have enough feeders and drinkers to keep them from crowding around them.

Breeding Chickens at Home

Breeding Chickens

Chickens have always helped people out in difficult times. If you grow chickens at home, then there is always meat and eggs. It is important to say that raising chickens is not difficult. Even children can safely participate in the process of raising poultry. If you look at the village courtyard, you will hardly find a house where there are no chickens. Chickens are unpretentious birds. They need minimal grooming and also some food. In summer, chickens can be kept outside, where they will have grass, insects and sand. This method of holding a bird of a normal breed is most suitable.

Every refrigerator should have dietary foods – eggs and chicken. There is not a lot of fat in chicken meat, which is why it is called dietary. In addition, eggs are high in protein and healthy amino acids.

It is worth noting, however, that home-grown chicken is different from farm-raised chicken. Homemade chicken is much healthier as it is raised on homemade products. Farm chickens eat a lot of artificial feed that stimulates their growth, which is not very good.

Domesticated chickens lay eggs with bright yellow yolks. Those eggs that are sold in the store were laid by the hens of farmers. There the yolks are pale (see photo). This suggests that they are low in carotene.

Breeding chickens for beginners

So, we see that raising chickens at home is a useful activity. However, not everyone even knows where to start. And today we will tell you about it. First you need to fill your brain with all possible knowledge about this bird – chicken. If we evaluate the case as a whole, then it seems that there is nothing complicated. However, the details are more complicated. To avoid unnecessary problems, you need to determine which chickens are better to grow at home, what kind of feed they should be “treated” with. It is important to know how to breed.

There are many ways to find the information you need. It could be a book, advice from experienced farmers, and, of course, the Internet. If you are going to grow chickens professionally, then remember that all the costs will not immediately pay off. You need to start raising chickens with a small amount. We take only unpretentious breeds. Now is the time to take care of where the bird will live. This can be a simple hedge outside, a shed, or under a shed. Cells can be made. Here you have to think about their sizes and materials that will be needed.

Chicken coop

The chicken coop is one of the most important structures for keeping birds not only at home, but also on farms. If you plan to keep chickens in winter, then you must definitely create a chicken coop where the air will be heated. It is just as easy to find any information on the Internet on how to properly create a chicken coop with your own hands.

The size of the chicken coop is directly related to how many birds will be kept. The calculation, for example, will be for 10 chickens. So, here are the nuances to consider.

Before you start building a chicken coop, you need to create a simple blueprint. It is impossible to make mistakes, since the lack of the necessary conditions in the building for chickens will lead to the fact that the bird will stop laying eggs, or even start to get sick. Therefore, it is advisable to prepare well. You cannot listen to those “advisers” who say that a chicken coop can be created from improvised means.

It is important to choose the right place for the location of the chicken coop. It should be in a moderately lit area, not humid. A place for poultry walking is required. The best chicken coop is one that gets light all day.

For one chicken, it is necessary to allocate up to a square meter for walking. It is so easy to calculate how much space you need in general for walking the bird.

Building a chicken coop with your own hands

Once you have chosen a place for a chicken coop and a walk, you can start construction:

  • It is not recommended to build a chicken coop directly on the ground. In addition to the fact that the bird will be cold, it will also be threatened by rodents, such as rats. The base can be made of concrete. You can simply make the flooring from the boards. The process of creating the foundation is not difficult, but you still have to work.
  • The most crucial moment is the creation of walls. They must be strong and not let in the wind. You can use not only boards, but also aerated concrete – small lightweight blocks. As an option – make adobe filling of the walls. It all depends on how much money you are willing to spend on the construction of the structure. The main task is to make the chicken coop warm.
  • For the roof, timber, boards and slate are used. It is desirable that the roof is also insulated. The bird walking area must be fenced off with a net. A great option for a roof is a gable structure. So it will be possible to store tools and other utensils on it, which are needed when keeping birds.
  • The interior design of the chicken coop is an important step. First of all, lighting and insulation are equipped if the chickens winter here. For light, ordinary 60-watt bulbs are used. It is advisable to make a couple of windows so that natural light enters the chicken coop. If the walls are not sufficiently insulated, then a heating system must be created. Electric heaters are used.
  • Do not forget about the feeders and perches in the chicken coop. In advance, you need to prepare tools for cleaning the chicken coop. So everything is ready. It’s time to think about what to feed the chickens. Sometimes one compound feed is enough. But it is better if you add grain to the chicken diet. Of course, household food waste can also be fed to chickens.
  • As for the offspring, you can not buy it, but independently bring it out in an incubator. However, it should be noted that this task is very difficult. It is necessary to stock up not only knowledge, but also patience, since many birds may die during the growing process. The easiest way is to buy ready-made chickens.
  • In order to understand what expenses go to chickens, estimate documentation is drawn up. It includes absolutely all costs associated with the bird. This is both food and the construction of a chicken coop.

What breed of chickens is better for a novice poultry breeder

The most important thing is the choice of the bird breed. This stage is determined at the very beginning. You need to determine what you need: meat, eggs, or both.

  1. Broilers work well for meat. These are birds that are raised in spring, summer, and chopped in autumn. In a short period of time, the bird grows up and is ready for slaughter. However, broilers are very difficult to grow in incubators.
  2. In order to have both meat and eggs, you need to buy ordinary Russian white chickens or red white-tailed chickens. It is noteworthy that these breeds will also be an excellent decoration for the yard. There are even chicken exhibitions. The bird may not be large, but it lays eggs well.

And now you need to decide where to buy laying hens? You can do this at a bazaar, in special farms or just at a neighbor’s, which happens in villages. There are many possibilities. It is best to buy chickens from trusted suppliers. This way you can get not only a guarantee that the bird is healthy, but also some advice on its correct breeding.

Tips for Beginner Poultry Breeders

It may seem that raising chickens is a simple matter. But as soon as the matter moves from words to real cultivation, difficulties arise.

  • So, chickens need to be well and properly fed.
  • In order for a bird to lay eggs, it must be given, in addition to ordinary food, grass and insects. She can get this for herself, walking on the street. But sooner or later the grass ends up on the site, so you have to collect it on the lawn. In addition, the bird needs to be fed with purchased feed, calcium.
  • Always give the hens only fresh water. This is especially important for broilers who drink a lot of water.
  • It is important to create a comfortable nest. If the hen feels uncomfortable, then it will begin to lay not in the nest, but in other places from where it will be difficult to extract eggs.
  • The chicken should be warm and dry.
  • Feed the bird twice a day if there is grass in its diet. Waste from the table is great.
  • After you have experience raising a dozen chickens, you can try buying more birds. As you can see, there is no easy job. However, it is much more pleasant to eat chicken meat that is grown by your own hands.